Coffee is a drink loved and consumed daily by millions of people around the world. But, where exactly does the coffee we drink every day come from? Who are the main producing countries of this stimulating and delicious drink? In this article, we will explore some of the main countries that grow and produce coffee, taking us on an aromatic journey through their landscapes, their traditions and their excellences.
Brazil: the undisputed king of coffee
Brazil is unquestionably the king of the coffee producing countries. It is the world's largest producer and exporter of Robusta variety coffee, with an ideal climate and a vast territory. The Brazilian regions of Minas Gerais and São Paulo are famous for their high quality coffee plantations. Brazilian coffees are known for their soft flavour, full body and delicate sweetness. Brazilians often use a processing method called "natural" in which the coffee beans are dried with the drupa (the fruit of the coffee plant that contains the beans), giving the coffee a richer, fruitier flavor.
Vietnam: the giant of Robusta coffee
Vietnam is the second largest producer of Robusta coffee in the world. Cultivation developed rapidly in Vietnam due to the favorable climate and optimal cultivation conditions. Vietnamese Robusta coffee is known for its strong, full-bodied flavour, often used in instant coffee brewing and blending with coffee arabica to obtain a more balanced taste.
Colombia: the excellence of Arabica coffee
Colombia is renowned for its high quality Arabica coffee. The mountainous regions of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta and the Andes offer ideal conditions for growing high-quality coffee. The tropical climate, high altitude and meticulous care of Colombian growers give Colombian coffees a distinctive flavour, with fruity notes and a delicate acidity. Colombia is also famous for its coffee manufacturing process, with the "washed" technique which helps to obtain a clean and shiny cup.
Honduras: the land of quality coffee
Honduras is another important coffee producing country in Central America. Its plantations stretch from the mountains to the coastal plains, offering a great diversity of soils and climates. Honduran coffee is known for its sweetness, balanced acidity and chocolate notes. Many plantations in Honduras are grown sustainably, with a focus on quality and environmental impact.
Ethiopia: the cradle of coffee
Ethiopia is considered the place of origin of coffee. Legend tells of an Ethiopian shepherd who, noticing the energizing effect of coffee fruits on his goats, decided to experiment with their preparation. Since then, coffee has become an integral part of Ethiopian culture. Ethiopia is mainly grown arabica coffee, with several regional varieties offering a wide range of flavor profiles. Ethiopian coffees are characterized by their fruity taste, with notes of flowers and chocolate.
Costa Rica: the quality coffee ecosystem
Costa Rica is famous for its production of high quality coffee and commitment to environmental sustainability. Costa Rican plantations are found in several regions, each with unique climate and soil characteristics that influence the flavor of the coffee. Costa Rican farmers are known for their commitment to sustainable cultivation and production of specialty coffee. In addition, they are appreciated for their sweetness, bright acidity and notes of chocolate, fruit and flowers.
Guatemala: the coffee heritage
Guatemala is another country renowned for its tradition of high quality coffee. The mountainous regions of Guatemala, with their volcanic soil and ideal climate, offer perfect conditions for the cultivation of excellent coffee. The latter are known for their complex flavour, with sweet and floral notes, a delicate acidity and a medium body. The town also stood out for its production of organic coffee and for its commitment to environmental protection.
These are just some of the major coffee producing countries in the world, each with its own history, tradition and unique characteristics. Every cup of coffee we drink is the result of a long process that begins with growers and farmers who work with passion and dedication to produce the best qualities of coffee.
The aromatic experiences of Cellini Caffè
In the world of coffee, exploring the producing countries is a fascinating journey that takes us through lands rich in tradition and excellence. Cellini Caffè, a company engaged in the selection and in the roasting of the best coffee beans, offers a wide range of aromatic experiences from from different parts of the world, including Brazil, thanks to its large-scale production and the quality of its beans, Vietnam, the coffee giant Robusta, and Guatemala, with a production known for its complex tastes and sweet and floral notes. Each variety will take you on a unique sensory journey, exploring the aromas, flavors and traditions that are intertwined behind each coffee bean.